Major and minor ports in India

Major and minor ports in India

The number of Major and minor ports in India India has a total 13 major ports and 200 plus notified minor and intermediate ports.
Major Ports-13 major ports in India are

Major Eastern & Western coast ports

Kolkata Port (Syama Prasad mookerjee port trust)  West BengalOnly riverine major port in India,located in the bank of river hoogly.The port has twin dock systems On the Eastern Bank – Kolkata Dock System (KDS) & On the Western Bank- Haldia Dock Complex (HDC).  
Paradip Port  OdishaLocated in paradip port ,in eastern part of Odisha.First major port on East Coast and handles coal    
New Mangalore Port Trust  KarnatakaLocated at Panambur in Karnataka. Exports- Iron ore  Imports-Petroleum products, fertilizer, edible oils, etc  
Vishakhapatnam Port  Andhra PradeshAlso known as vizag port,major bulk cargo is handled from this east coast port It is also India’s deepest landlocked port crude oil and petroleum products are main products to be handled from here.    
Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT Port)  Maharashtra (Best Global Port in India)JNPT or Nhava Sheva port handling around half of containers of all major ports JNPT is the largest container port in India.It is the Best Global Port in India.The port is equipped with all modern facilities.    
Mumbai Port  MaharashtraIt is the oldest and biggest ports of India.It Handles maximum traffic including mineral oil and dry cargo.   
 Kandla Port  GujratTidal port and a free trade zone Edible oil,crude oil, petroleum products,salt, cotton,food grains.
 Kochi Port Trust    KeralaThe port is called natural gateway and is a natural harbour. Exports -Tea, coffee and spices  Imports -Petroleum oil and fertilizers  
Chennai Port Trust  Tamil NaduLargest port in the ECI(East coast of India) and second largest port of India. Second largest port Oldest artificial harbor on the ECI Fertilizers,iron ore,petroleum products, crude oil, etc.
Tuticorin Port  Tamil NaduPort renamed as -V.O.Chidambaranar Port.Liner trade direct from Tuticorin to USA.Petroleum products, dry cargo,salt, edible oil.  
Ennore Port  Tamil NaduFirst corporate port of India
Port Blair Port  Andaman IslandPort Blair is the 13th and youngest major port of India.The port is closer to Saudi-Singapore and US-Singapore.    
Mormugao Port  GoaLeading in exporting iron ore from India. Ranks fifth in terms of total traffic handled.

Major and minor ports in India

Minor ports in India

Tamil NaduAndhra PradeshOrrisaWest BengalKerala
Cuddalore Colachel
Ennore Kanyakumari Kattupalli Kudankulam Manappad Nagapattinam Pamban PY-3 Punnakayal Rameswaram Thirkkadaiyur Thiruchopuram Valinokkam
Bhavanapadu Bheemunipatnam Calingapatnam Gangavaram Kakinada Krishnapatnam Machilipatnam Mutyalammapalem  Narsapur Nizampatnam Ravva Vadarevu  Behrabalpur Gopalpur  KulpiAlappuzha
Azhikkal
Kannur
Kasargode Kodungallore Kozhikode
Kovalam
Neendatkara
Ponnani
Quilon
Thalassery Thiruvananthapuram Vadakara  
Karnataka  Goa  Maharashtra     Gujrat
Bhatkal
Belekeri
Hangarkatta
Honavar
Karwar
Kundapur Mangalore Malpe Padubidri
Tadri  
Betul Chapora Panaji Tiracol Talpona  Arnala
Alibag
Achara
Bassein
Bhiwandi
Bankot
Bandra
Borya
Borli
Dahanu
Datiware
Dharamatar
Dabhol
Deogad
Dighi
Jaitapur
Jaigad
Kiranpani
Karanja
Kalyan
Kelshi
Kellwa-Mahim Kumbharu
Murud-Janjira Manori
More
Malvan
Mandwa
Mandad
Nandgaon
Niwti
Nawapur
Panvel
Palshet
Purnagad
Rewas
Revdanda
Rajpuri
Ratnagiri
Redi
Shriwardhan
Satpati
Tarapur
Thane
Thal
Trombay
Tiwri-Varoda Uttan
Ulwa-Belapur Vijaydurg Vengurla Versova  
 Bhavnagar
Bedi
Bharuch
Beyt
Bhagwa
Billimora
Dahej
Ghogha
GPPL
Jafarabad
Jakhau
Jodia
Kotda
Khambhat
Kolak
Koteshwar
Mandvi
Mangrol
Madhwad
Mundra
Mahuva
Maroli
Mul-Dwarka Magdalla Navlakhi Navanandar
Onjal
Okha Pindhara Porbandar Rupen Rajpara Salaya
Sikka
Talaja Umarsadi Umergaon Vansi-Borsi Valsad Veraval  

Related Read : Minor ports in India Upsc

Major and minor ports in India

Kandla Port,Jawaharlal Nehru Port, Mumbai Port ,Mormugao Port , New Mangalore Port, Chennai Port, Tuticorin port, Ennore Port, and Port Blair Port.
Haldia Port, Kolkata Port, Paradip Port, Vishakhapatnam Port, Cochin Port,

Western coast ports

Western coast
Mumbai, JNPT, Kandla, Manglore, Cochin and Mormugao

Eastern coast ports

East Coast
Kolkata, Vishakhapatnam, Paradeep, Chennai, Tuticorin and Ennore

Andaman and Nicobar island port

Andaman and Nicobar islands.
Port Blair

The oldest port in India

The port of Kolkata was established in 1870 and was under the authority of Port Commissioners, that later turned Port Trust.

Difference between major and minor ports in India

Difference between major and minor ports in india is on the basis of administrative importance.

Major Ports -Union Shipping Ministry administered ports are called major ports

Minor Ports – are those port which are managed by other relevant departments.

Major PortMinor Port            
13 Major port200+ Minor ports
Managed by union shipping ministry and port trustManaged by state government
International tradeCoastal and fishing trade
JNPT,Mumbai port,Haldia,Coachin Port etc Sikka,Mundra,Mul-Dwarka,Kulpi,Alibag etc
Traffic more than 10 lakhTraffic less than 10 lakh

Major and minor ports in india upsc

State 
GujratDeendaayl port Trust
MaharashtraJNPT
GoaMormuga port
KarnatakaNew Mangalore port
KeralaKochi port
West BengalSyama Prasad mookerjee port
Andhra PradeshVishakha patnam port
Tamil NaduChennai port
Tamil NaduVO Chidambaranar port
 MaharashtraNhava Shiva port
OdishaParadip port
GujaratKandla port
West BengalKolkata haldia port
MaharashtraMumbai port

What is Sagar mala project?

 Sagarmala is a project of Indian government ,through which the government has planned to modernize Indian ports

To read more visit www.sagarmala.gov.in

Private ports in India

India has 13 Major Ports and approximately200 Minor Ports situated in nine different States.

Ennore, a port in Tamil Nadu is known as satellite port of Chennai ,it has been corporatized and incorporated in 1999 under the Companies Act of1956.

2/3 shares of the port are owned by the Government of India, 1/3 by the Chennai Port Trust.

Port Blair (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) is considered as trust ports under the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963, operating as (semi) autonomous bodies under the administrative control of the Ministry of Shipping.

The following ports are Corporatized as Major Ports:

Visakhapatnam, Ennore ,Kolkata, Paradip

JNPT,Chennai, Tuticorin, Cochin,Mormugao,New Mangalore, Mumbai, Kandla and Port Blair.

Major Ports are included in the Union list of the Indian Constitution

Major Port is declared as major port by the central government by notification in the Official Gazette.

The Minor Ports are under the jurisdiction of the Governments of the various maritime states (Pondichierry, Kerala, Karnataka, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat as well as Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman and Nicobar Islands).

Traffic handle by Ports

Major Ports  65% of the total cargo traffic.

Minor Ports  for 35% of the traffic.

Management of Major Ports

Under the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963

Board of Trustees governs the port and are nominated by the Central Government.

 (a) Chairperson (Central Government does appointment)

(b) Deputy Chairperson (On Central Government Recommendation)

Largest port in Arabian Sea

Nhava sheva port

Largest port in Bay of Bengal

Chennai port

Major and minor ports in India-pdf

Port in Gujrat

ports of india
Image credits: wikimedia.org

Major seaport of west coast, Kandla port is the first SEZ (special economic zone) in India and in Asia.

Location- Gulf of Kutch near the Gandhidham city in Kutch District of Gujarat.

Major imports -petroleum, chemicals and iron also export grains, salt and textiles.

Kandla port -highest traffic volume and earning capacity

Mundra Port -India’s largest private port in Gujrat.

Nhava Sheva – Maharashtra

ports of india
Image credits: wikimedia.org

Nhava Sheva port or JNPT port(Jawaharlal Nehru Port) is the largest container port in India

Location- Mainland of Konkan area ,Navi Mumbai Maharashtra.

JNPT handle a large volume of international & domestic container and cargo traffic.

Exports- Meat, textiles, carpets

Imports Vegetable oil,machinery and chemicals.

Mumbai Port

Location- Mainland of west Mumbai it is also natural deep-water harbor.

It is the largest port in India

handles traffic with its 4 jetties for

Liquid chemicals

petroleum products

Crude oil.

Marmagao Port – Goa

port of india
Image credits: wikimedia.org

Location-Located in South Goa.

Exports-Iron ore (leading raw material and iron ores exporter in India)

Panambur Port – Karnataka

port of india
Image credits: wikimedia.org

Location- Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka

Panambur port – also known as New Mangalore Port

One of the Largest & major port of Karnataka ,it’s a deep water and all weather sea port of India

Export-Coffee, cashew, manganese, granite stones, timber logs, LPG, petroleum products and cargo containers.

Cochin Port – Kerala

Image credits: wikimedia.org

Location- Lies on two islands of Willingdon and Vallarpadam

One of the Largest & major port of Arabian sea & Indian ocean

Port facilities-largest container transshipment facility

Port Blair – Andaman

Image credits: wikimedia.org

Location- Andaman Island

It is the youngest sea port declared in India.

Tuticorin Port – Tamil Nadu

Image credits: wikimedia.org

Tuticorin Port is all weather and an artificial deep-sea harbour

Second largest port in Tamil Nadu after port of Chennai  largest container terminal in India,which receives high density of international traffic

Major and minor ports in India

Chennai Port

Madras Port is the one of the oldest port and the second largest port in India

It’s a largest port in Bay of Bengal

Port handles – Automobiles, fertilizers, coal ,cars, big containers , petroleum products.

Vizag Port – Andhra Pradesh

Image credits: wikimedia.org

Location- lies on the southeast coast of India in Andhra Pradesh.

The port is also known as port Vizag

Kakinada Port and Krishnapatnam Port  are other main ports which are located in Andhra Pradesh

Krishnapatnam port is a private port and is a deep water port

Paradip Port – Orissa

Location – In the Jagatsinghpur district of Orissa state

The port is constructed artificial and is a deep-water port of eci of India.

Port of Paradip is the major port

Haldia Port – West Bengal

Haldia port is also called as Calcutta Port

It is a major seaport situated near the Hooghly River in

W. Bengal.

Haldia Port is a major trade port for Calcutta

Port handles – Chemicals, Petrochemicals and oils.

Major and minor ports in India-Q&A

Which is the second largest port of India?

Chennai Port is the  second biggest port in India, and handles over 100 million MT of cargo per year.

Oldest artificial sea port of India

Kolkata Port and Chennai is the oldest artificial port (India)

Port city of India

Mumbai

India’s deepest port

Gangavaram Port, in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.

Deepest landlocked port in India

Visakhapatnam is the deepest landlocked port.

Major and minor ports in India

Inland riverine port of India

Kolkata

Biggest port of India

Mumbai port

Deepest port of India

Gangavaram port

Major and minor ports in India

Major and minor ports in India

Major and minor ports in India

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Senior Master Mariner

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